Lithuanian mythology includes gods and goddesses. The Lithuanians believed in a pantheon of deities who governed various aspects of life and nature. Here are some examples:
Perkūnas – The god of thunder and lightning, associated with strength, protection, and fertility.
Žemyna– The goddess of the earth and fertility, responsible for the growth of crops and the well-being of the land.
Saulė – The goddess of the sun, associated with light, warmth, and life-giving energy.
Mėnuo (Mėnulis) – The god of the moon, symbolizing the cycle of time and lunar influences.
Laima – The goddess of fate and destiny, often depicted as three sisters who determined the course of human lives.
Gabija – The goddess of fire, protecting homes and ensuring the prosperity of families.
Velnias (Vėlinas) – The god of the underworld, often associated with trickery and temptation, and considered the ruler of the spirits of the deceased.
Besides gods and goddesses, Lithuanian mythology includes various other beings and creatures:
Velnias (Vėlinas) – Apart from being a god, Velnias is also depicted as a devil-like figure associated with darkness, chaos, and the temptations of the material world.
Aitvaras – A dragon-like creature associated with fire, wealth, and guarding treasures.
Laumės – Female spirits or fairies believed to influence human fate, especially the destiny of newborns. They were associated with weaving, spinning, and childbirth.
Ragana – A witch or sorceress with supernatural powers and knowledge of herbs and magic.
These are just a few examples of the diverse range of deities, spirits, and creatures found in Lithuanian mythology. Each had its own role and significance within the belief system, reflecting the connection between the Lithuanian people and the natural world around them.